What is fracture -How to treat broken bones:
A break or crack in a bone is called a fracture.
In most cases, the damage to the bone is under the surface of the skin, but sometimes you
may get bits of the bone that may puncture through the skin.
First Aid of Fractures:
If you think someone may have a fracture, there are seven things you need to look for
- swelling, difficulty in moving, movement in an unnatural direction, a limb that may
look short, twisted or bent, a grating noise or feeling, loss of strength and finally,
shock. If the skin is punctured, cover the wound
with a sterile dressing, then apply pressure around the wound to control the bleeding.
When treating a fracture, support the body part to stop it moving, to ease any pain and
to prevent further damage.
So for example, a fracture to the arm can
be supported in a sling. And for the leg, can be tied to the uninjured
leg to give it support. Once you’ve done this, call for an ambulance
and do not move them unless it’s absolutely necessary.
While you’re waiting for your ambulance, keep an eye on them, as they may develop a
life-threatening condition called shock, often caused by the loss of blood.
if they lose consciousness at any time, do your primary survey and treat as for an unconscious casualty.
So remember, steady and support the injury.
If needed, call for an ambulance, monitor their levels of response, breathing and pulse.